license JANSSEN PHARMACEUTICA
COMPOSITION AND DOSAGE FORM
10 ml ampoules of 50 pcs. in the package.
fentanyl 50 mcg
Short-acting opioid analgesic. By analgesic effect 100 times greater than morphine. The maximum effect of the drug in in / in the introduction develops in 1-3 min. The duration of action with a single dose – 20-30 min. When given at high doses causes a slight transient inhibition of the respiratory center.
* Premedication prior to surgery;
* Implementation of the induction of anesthesia (in conjunction with droperidolom and / or nitrous oxide);
* Postoperative anesthesia;
* Neyroleptanalgeziya (in combination with droperidolom).
Data on the pharmacokinetics of the drug Fentanyl is not available.
Adults for sedation, as well as in the postoperative period Fentanyl injected i / m at 50-100 mg (1-2 ml). To carry out induction of anesthesia drug is used in / at a dose of 100-200 mg (2-4 ml).
For neyroleptanalgezii Fentanyl given intravenously in a dose of 200-600 mg (in combination with droperidolom), fractional, every 20 minutes, under the control of respiration. At higher doses (50-100 mg / kg body weight) Fentanyl is used during open heart surgery.
Children with a view to introducing a sedation Fentanyl / m at a dose of the rate of 2 mg / kg body weight for 30-60 min before surgery. To carry out induction of anesthesia and maintenance of general anesthesia Fentanyl is prescribed in / in to 2 mg / kg or / m at 1.5-2.5 mg / kg body weight.
In order to analgesia in the postoperative period, the drug is introduced into / m the rate of 2 mg / kg.
Since the cardiovascular system: often – bradycardia; possible – hypotension.
After the introduction of high doses or in case of rapid i / v injection of the drug, there may be respiratory depression, muscle stiffness and rigidity of the chest, in some cases possible bronchospasm.
* Caesarean section (before the extraction of the fruit);
* Increased intracranial pressure;
* State, accompanied by inhibition of the respiratory center.
Pregnancy & Lactation
During pregnancy, the drug should be used with extreme caution, if absolutely indicated. If necessary, the appointment during lactation should stop breastfeeding for a period of its application.
The drug should be used only by highly qualified personnel in specialized hospitals.
In the postoperative period for patients should be set closely monitored. In patients with reduced body weight, during long operations, in cases of frequent repeated application may increase the duration of fentanyl.
Precautions should be applied while taking the drug GCS, antihypertensive drugs and insulin.
Symptoms: bradypnea, apnea, respiratory depression, muscular rigidity.
Treatment: a specific antagonist is naloxone. When respiratory depression and muscle rigidity was also used muscle relaxants and mechanical ventilation. To eliminate bradycardia using atropine. In the case of arterial hypotension prescribe parenteral administration of fluids.
With simultaneous use of nitrous oxide enhances muscle rigidity, callback fentanyl. With simultaneous use of tricyclic antidepressants, as well as funds, which have a depressing effect on the central nervous system, increase the side effects of fentanyl on the central nervous system (in particular, respiratory depression).
CONDITIONS AND SHELF LIFE
The drug should be stored in a dark place at room temperature. List A. Shelf life – 2 years.